A sign the housing recovery is slowing?

The number of contracts signed to buy homes was down in December, as were home sales. Tight inventory may be holding back sales.

By Teresa at MSN Real Estate Jan 28, 2013 12:53PM

© PhotoAlto/Eric Audras/Getty ImagesThe number of contracts signed to buy existing homes fell in December, likely a response to the falling inventory of homes for sale.


The number of purchase contracts signed in December was down 4.3% from November, according to new data from the National Association of Realtors. The Pending Home Sales Index reported that the number of contracts signed was 6.9% higher than the number of contracts signed in December 2011.


Homes sales slipped 1% in December, and the decline in purchase contracts suggests that home sales themselves will fall in the coming months, after stretching toward recovery in 2012.


The number of homes for sale was down 21.6% from last December, with only 4.4 months’ supply available at the current sales rate. The inventory is particular low when it comes to the more affordable homes favored by first-time homebuyers.

"The supply limitation appears to be the main factor holding back contract signings in the past month," the NAR’s chief economist, Lawrence Yun, said in a news release. "Buyer interest remains solid, as evidenced by a separate Realtor survey, which shows that buyer foot traffic is easily outpacing seller traffic."

He noted that the situation varied from region to region; more Western cities were sellers markets, while Northeastern markets tended to be more balanced. 

Existing home sales rose 9% in 2012, and Yun predicts another 9% increase this year.


"We expect a seasonal rise of inventory in the spring to help, but a sellers market may be developing," Yun said


Here are the numbers by region.

  • Northeast: Contracts down 5.4% from November but up 8.4% over December 2011.
  • Midwest: Contracts up 0.9% from November and up 14.4% over December 2011.
  • South: Contracts down 4.5% from November but up 10.1% over December 2011.
  • West: Contracts down 8.2% from November but up 5.3% over December 2011.


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